A Ninth Circuit panel recently issued a decision in United States v. Olson, affirming the conviction of the former Alaska executive director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (“USDA”) Farm Service Agency for misprision of felony under 18 U.S.C. § 4. Specifically, the panel held that the former director was correctly convicted of misprision of felony “for concealing and failing to notify authorities of her business partner’s submission of false statements” to the USDA’s Rural Development Program in connection with a federal grant application.
In so holding, the Ninth Circuit provided critical clarification of the type of knowledge the government must prove to establish “misprision of felony.” Misprision of felony is one of the oldest federal crimes, and was first enacted in a “functionally identical” version as part of the Crimes Act of 1790.
Elements of “Misprision of Felony”
The panel affirmed the long-established federal rule that “[t]o establish misprision of a felony,” under 18 U.S.C. § 4, “the government must prove beyond a reasonable doubt: ‘(1) that the principal . . . committed and completed the felony alleged; (2) that the defendant had full knowledge of that fact; (3) that he failed to notify the authorities; and (4) that he took affirmative steps to conceal the crime of the principal.”
The panel, however, also provided additional clarification as to the knowledge element. It held for the first time that “the government must prove not only that the defendant knew the principal engaged in conduct that satisfies the essential elements of the underlying felony, but also that the defendant knew that the conduct was a felony.” Continue Reading